"Small losses can be burnt to ashes. But great gains can leap high to a blaze.
This is the theory behind all greatness," (Professor).
~ ~ ~
Rabindranath Tagore was born on 06/05/1861 in
Calcutta and died 07/08/1941 also in Calcutta.
He was one of India's greatest writer,
composer and philosopher.
Rabindranath Tagore is considered by many to be the Indian writer who has made the greatest literary impact in both the East and the West. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913 for his collection of self-translated poems, Gitanjali, (Song Offerings)
Tagore was a prolific writer. He wrote poetry, short stories, novels, essays, memoirs, travelogues, letters, songs, plays and musical dramas. He wrote about sixty theatrical pieces over a span of sixty years. He was also a composer, setting hundreds of poems to music.
Red Oleanders (Rakto Karabi in Bengali) is regarded as one of Tagore's best plays, written at the age of sixty-three. When he wrote the original play in 1924, he envisioned that the Western capitalistic, utilitarian approach to society would eventually destroy universal human values. Vast industrialization throughout the world would result in diminishing human compassion and cause an ecological imbalance. To convey this message he utilized his characters as metaphors of human instincts, such as greed, power and envy, as well as love, trust and sacrifice.
Note on the play: During the summer of 1923 while Tagore was vacationing in Assam, he started to write this play under the title of Yakshapuri. He later changed the title of the play to Nandini while it was still in the form of a manuscript. The following year, the corrected complete version was published in the journal named Prabashi under the new title, Rakto Karabi (Red Oleanders).
"all I had achieved was carried off
on the golden boat—only I was left behind,"
(Sonar Tori - Golden Boat)
Tagore's legacy can be felt through the many festivals held worldwide in his honour—examples include the annual Bengali festival/celebration of Kabipranam (Tagore's birthday anniversary), the annual Tagore Festival held in Urbana, Illinois in the United States, the Rabindra Path Parikrama walking pilgrimages leading from Calcutta to Shantiniketan, and ceremonial recitals of Tagore's poetry held on important anniversaries. This legacy is most palpable in Bengali culture, ranging from language and arts to history and politics; indeed, Nobel laureate Amartya Sen noted that even for modern Bengalis, Tagore was a "towering figure", being a "deeply relevant and many-sided contemporary thinker". Tagore's collected Bengali-language writings—the 1939 Rabīndra Racanāvalī—is also canonized as one of Bengal's greatest cultural treasures, while Tagore himself has been proclaimed "the greatest poet India has produced".
Tagore was famed throughout much of Europe, North America, and East Asia. He was key in founding Dartington Hall School, a progressive coeducational institution; in Japan, he influenced such figures as Nobel laureate Yasunari Kawabata. Tagore's works were widely translated into English, Dutch, German, Spanish, and other European languages by Czech indologist Vincenc Lesny French Nobel laureate Andre Gide, Russian poet Anna Akmatova, former Turkish Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit and others. In the United States, Tagore's popular lecturing circuits (especially those between 1916–1917) were widely attended and acclaimed. Nevertheless, several controversies involving Tagore resulted in a decline in his popularity in Japan and North America after the late 1920s, contributing to his "near total eclipse" outside of Bengal.
Tagore, through Spanish translations of his works, also influenced leading figures of Spanish literature, including Chilians Pablo Neruda and Gabriela Mistral, Mexican writer Octavia Paz, and Spaniard Jose Ortega. Between 1914 and 1922, the Jiménez-Camprubí spouses translated no less than twenty-two of Tagore's books from English into Spanish. Jiménez, as part of this work, also extensively revised and adapted such works as Tagore's The Crescent Moon. Indeed, during this time, Jiménez developed the now-heralded innovation of "naked poetry" (Spanish: «poesia desnuda»). Ortega y Gasset wrote that "Tagore's wide appeal [may stem from the fact that] he speaks of longings for perfection that we all have ... Tagore awakens a dormant sense of childish wonder, and he saturates the air with all kinds of enchanting promises for the reader, who ... pays little attention to the deeper import of Oriental mysticism". Tagore's works were published in free editions around 1920 alongside works by Dante Alighieri, Miguel de Cervantes, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Plato.Tagore's talents came to be regarded as overrated by several Westerners, none of whom had read his poetry in the original Bengali. Graham Greene doubted that "anyone but Mr. Yeats can still take his poems very seriously." Modern remnants of a once widespread Latin American reverence of Tagore were discovered, for example, by an astonished Salman Rushdie during a trip to Nicaragua.